Understanding moderate and severe TBI

May 10, 2023 | Personal Injury

Over 5,400 people in Florida died from traumatic brain injuries in 2021. The rate of traumatic brain injury-related deaths per 100,000 people was 20.6, the highest since 2005. The CDC describes traumatic brain injury, or TBI, as an injury that impacts brain function. The injury occurs by blunt force, like a jolt, blow or bump to the head, or from a penetration that ruptures the skull.

Understanding TBI

Generally speaking, accident victims may suffer from mild, moderate or severe TBI. Mild TBI is often synonymous with a concussion. These injuries are typically caused by a blow, jolt or bump to the head. The body can be hit with enough force to move the brain inside the skull. Damage can result from the brain twisting or bouncing against the skull. Stretching tissue can also damage brain cells. Mild TBI typically results in impaired cognition affecting learning, memory and concentration.

Moderate and severe TBI

Moderate and severe TBI may be caused by blunt force, like mild TBI, or by penetration of the skull. Thousands of people die from moderate and severe TBI each year. Nationwide, around 190 people die from TBI every day, on average. Moderate or severe TBI may result in a long-term personal injury or permanent health conditions. Most moderate and severe TBI injuries are caused by falls and firearm-related incidents. Another common cause of moderate and severe TBI is auto accidents.

Males and people over age 65 have the highest rate of TBI-related deaths in the U.S. population. Young people with TBI are at risk of impaired brain development. Moderate and severe TBI is also common among veterans, individuals in correctional facilities and domestic violence victims. Many people suffering symptoms of moderate or severe TBI may require ongoing care to aid in long-term recovery.

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